Advocacy Materials


  • International Disability and Human Rights Network (DAA), DAA Resource Kits (website)

The link contains Resource Kits produced by International Disability and Human Rights Network to enable those working for the rights of disabled people to organise themselves more efficiently and make their campaigning more effective. There are in total seven resource kits, including how to work with media, how to influence policymakers, effective campaigning, how to develop campaigning organization, fund-raising, and what are the civil rights and human rights applicable to persons with disabilities.

Inclusive Education

  • United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), Towards Inclusive Education for Children with Disabilities: A Guideline, 2009 (pdf)

This Guideline is the outcome of a project developed by UNESCO Bangkok to  analyze  the  complex  interplay  of  factors  which  result  in exclusion and to obtain detailed information about education systems in selected countries where a specific commitment has been made to include children with disabilities in schools, in the national education process, and in the monitoring process. This Guideline aims to provide helpful guidance to all the countries in the region as they move to include all children, including those with disabilities and other disadvantaged situations, in their national education plans and implementation.

  • UNESCO, Policy Guidelines on Inclusion in Education, 2009 (pdf)

This Guideline serves as a resource for policymakers, teachers and learners, community leaders and members of civil society in their efforts to promote more effective strategies for reaching the Education For All goals. The Guideline first explains the relevance of inclusive education in today’s context and describes how inclusion is linked to Education for All. It then outlines the key elements in the shift towards inclusion with a particular focus on teaching for inclusion and the role of teachers, other educators, non-teaching support staff, communities and parents. It also provides some simple tools for policy-makers and education planners for hands-on analysis of education plans in view of inclusive education.

  • Enabling Education Network (EEN) UK, Enabling Education Review Special Issue- 2015 “Inclusive Education Advocacy, 2015 (pdf)

This Special Edition of EEN’s Enabling Education Review documents examples of ‘inclusive education advocacy in action’ in Armenia, Tajikistan, Gaza, Indonesia and Afghanistan, in particular the strategies used and the challenges the advocates encountered in the process. The aim is to help those working in education to better understand how to turn advocacy ideas and theories into appropriate practical action.

  • Richard Wiezer, Implementing Inclusive Education: A Commonwealth Guide to Implementing Article 24 of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (Second Edition), 2012 (pdf)

This Report critically examines international, district and regional and national programmes geared towards inclusive education in countries across the Common-wealth and beyond that have signed and ratified the CRPD. It also address issues such as changing attitudes, how to develop a “disability rights in education model” and how to develop inclusive practice at school and class level.

  • Catholic Relief Services Vietnam, How-to Guide: Inclusive Education for Children with Disabilities, 2007 (pdf)

This Guide outlines the recommended steps and main components of building a successful inclusive education programme, backed-up by the real-life experience of CRS/Vietnam, as well as lessons learned and a list of indicators for successful programmes. The Guide also provides information on CRS/Vietnam’s next steps to expand, improve and sustain its inclusive education initiatives through policy advocacy; specific recommendations for the inclusion of children with various or multiple impairments; and general recommendations for other developing countries interested in building inclusive education programmes.

Legal Capacity

  • Inclusion International, Independent But Not Alone: A Global Report on the Right to Decide, 2014 (pdf)

Article 12 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) reflects a fundamental shift in thinking: it asserts that with support all people with intellectual disabilities are able to make decisions and have control in their lives. This global report by Inclusion International presents the perspective of over 600 people self-advocates, family members, disability advocates, and professionals, and more than 80 organizations from more than 40 countries worldwide on the right to decide

The key findings of the report include:

  • Invest in empowerment, self-advocacy and strengthening a collective voice
  • Independence does not mean “alone”
  • Families have a critical role to play in building the social connections necessary for supported decision making
  • Family based organizations must play a leadership role as agents of change in community
  • The Right to Decide cannot be achieved without community inclusion
  • The Right to Decide is about more than the removal of guardianship and substitute decision making
  • Legal reform must go hand in hand with strategies for building community supports and supports for decision making
  • Mental Disability Advocacy Centre (MDAC), Right to Legal Capacity in Kenya, 2014 (pdf)

The report highlights the voices of people with mental disabilities themselves for the first time, outlining the need for substantial legal and social reform, and provides comprehensive recommendations to bring Kenya in line with international law, and specifically right to legal capacity guaranteed by Article 12 of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD).

  • European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, Legal capacity of persons with intellectual disabilities and persons with mental health problems, 2013 (pdf)

This report presents the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights’ (FRA) legal analysis of current standards and safeguards concerning the legal capacity of persons with intellectual disabilities and persons with mental health problems. It uses legal and sociological research methods to highlight discrepancies between the CRPD – ratified by 24 European Union Member States and the EU itself, the first supranational government to ratify a human rights treaty – and the implementation of its standards on the ground. This report analyses the current international and European legal standards and compares EU Member States’ laws in the area of legal capacity.

The report twins this analysis with the lived experiences of a small number of interviewees regarding the loss of legal capacity and other restrictions on their ability to take decisions. This socio-legal approach provides an overview of the legal situation in an area of rapid and significant reform with an insight into how such laws impact the daily lives of those they most directly affect.

  • Mental Disability Advocacy Centre (MDAC), Legal Capacity in Europe, 2013 (pdf)

The purpose  of  the report  is  to  call  on  governments  and  the  institutions  of  the  European Union to take concrete law and policy actions so that all people with disabilities have their right to legal capacity, and have access to supports to exercise it.

The report has 8 chapters. Chapter 1 presents a roadmap to the report. Chapter 2 sets out why guardianship is in dire need of reform. Chapter 3 sets out a vision for equality and inclusion and also analyzes the deficiencies of some existing data on guardianship in Europe  Chapter 4 provides advice  to  governments  about  the  provisions  which  they  could  consider adopting in legislation to give practical effect to the CRPD obligations. Chapter 5 lays out some of the learning which MDAC  has  gathered  over  the  last  few  years  as  they  have  interacted  in  various  ways  with  non-governmental  organisations and governments in eleven European countries. Chapter 6 looks at the obligations of EU institutions under CRPD. Chapter 7 provides a snapshot of legal capacity law reforms in 16 European jurisdictions. Chapter 8 contains references for further reading.

  • Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights, Who gets to decide? Right to legal capacity for persons with intellectual and psychosocial disabilities, 2012 (pdf)

The bulk of European legal capacity systems are outdated and in urgent need of  law  reform.  The  assumption  of  legal  capacity,  which  all adults  of  majority  age  should  enjoy,  has  to  be  extended  to  persons  with  disabilities.  It  redirects  our focus away from personal deficiencies towards putting into place supports that  enable  individuals  to  make  decisions  for  themselves  and  expand  their  capacities to do so. This Issue Paper describes the challenges faced by Council of Europe member states in dealing with the issue. These include the flaws of current guardianship systems  and  procedures,  the  automatic  loss  of  human  rights  of  those  placed  under  guardianship  regimes  and the  pressing  need  to  develop  support  alternatives giving persons with disabilities equal opportunities to shape their life paths.  The  paper outlines  the  applicable  international  human  rights  frame-work,  including  the  relevant  case-law  from  the  European  Court  of  Human Rights. It concludes with examples of good practice to show the way forward.

  • Inclusion Europe, Position Paper on Legal Capacity- Key Elements of a System for Supported Decision-Making, 2009 (pdf)

Article 12 of CRPD introduces a fundamental shift of thinking from substitute decision-making to supported decision-making of disabled people. This position paper aims to  identify  some  of  the  necessary  conditions  for  the  transposition of this paradigm shift into national laws. While the concrete transposition will   be   rather   different   for   countries   which   become   States   Parties   to   the   UN Convention, depending   on   legal   structures   and   traditions,  this  Position  Paper  sets  out  to  consider  crucial elements without which national laws may fall short of the intentions manifested in Article 12.  For  supported  decision-making  to  become a reality, States Parties are not only required to  consider  reforms  of  their  national  guardianship  legislation,    but    it    is    furthermore    important    to        implement    number   of   non-legal   structures   and   measures    in    addition    to    the    necessary    legal    instruments, for example promotion and support of self-advocacy, selection and registration of support persons, overcoming communication barriers and implementing safeguards. Since  the  issues  related  to  legal  capacity  are  linked  to  the  basic  structure  of  our  societies,  it  is  also  important    to    ponder    some  of    the    underlying    philosophical   questions   in   order   to   develop   an   adequate approach to the question at hand.

Supported Employment

  • HR Council for the Non-Profit Sector (Canada), HR Toolkit on Diversity at Work- Supporting Employees with Disabilities (website)

This toolkit provides useful guidance on how to support employees with disabilities in the workplace. It includes examples of practical and supportive policies that would help create an inclusive workplace, including the duty to accommodate. It then goes on to explain how the duty to accommodate works in the context of recruitment and selection, during employment, and whether there are any grounds for not accommodating. It concludes with an interesting and useful list of preferred terminology to use that are not demeaning or hurtful.

  • United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP), Disability at a Glance 2015, 2016 (pdf)

Disability  at  a  Glance  2015  focuses  on  barriers  to  the  employment  of  persons  with  disabilities  in  the  Asia-Pacific  region,  and  offers  solutions  to  strengthen  their  employment  prospects.  Employment  is  not  only  the  primary  means  of  livelihood  generation;  it  also  provides  individuals  with  the  purpose  and  meaning  of  playing  a  productive  role  in  society.  Equal  access  to  employment  is  therefore  vital,  and  barriers  to  work  faced  by  persons with disabilities must be removed.This fifth edition in the Disability at a Glance series offers a regional overview of disability legislation,  policies  and  practices,  as  well  as  relevant  country-specific  information.  The  information draws on both a targeted disability survey carried out by the ESCAP secretariat, and research undertaken by other organizations and scholars.

  • International Labour Organization, Inclusion of People with Disabilities in China, 2013 (pdf)

This factsheet outlines the current situation of people with disabilities in China, the government support provided for them, the key groups and ministries responsible for people with disabilities, key international standards and their status in China, organizations for and of people with disabilities and the role of ILO. The factsheet concludes with suggestions that people with disabilities be provided with productive and decent work and that ensuring  a  disability  perspective  in  all  aspects  of  policy  and  labour  legislation,  effective  implementation  and enforcement of existing disability laws and policies and providing for equal employment and training opportunities are among the factors that contribute to the reduction of poverty and to the social and economic inclusion of people with disabilities in China.

  • International Labour Organization, Facts on People with Disabilities in China, 2008 (pdf)

This factsheet outlines the key figures relating to people with disabilities in China. It then explains the challenges faced by them, including in employment The factsheet concludes with an overview of the ILO programmes on disabilities in China.

Reasonable Accommodation

  • United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), Accessibility for All: Good practices of accessibility in Asia and the Pacific to promote disability-inclusive development, 2016 (pdf)

This publication seeks to support policymakers in promoting accessibility at a policy and practical level. It contains information on relevant global and regional mandates that support and promote disability-inclusive development and accessibility, with a view to demonstrate the multi-faceted value of focusing on disability and accessibility policies to achieve broader development goals. Readers will learn about the core concepts of disability and accessibility, and be empowered with knowledge on standards, tools and means of promoting accessibility.

Furthermore, this publication will outline and analyse examples of good practices of accessibility identified in Asia and the Pacific. The majority of the good practices featured in this publication were initially discussed at two international and multi-stakeholder workshops that took place in 2014 and 2015, with a few additional examples drawn from Pacific island member States. The selection of practices for this publication is based on their embodiment of the principles of accessibility, demonstrated success, measurable impact on the community, and their adaptable and replicable nature.

  • European Commission, Reasonable Accommodation beyond Disability in Europe?, 2013 (pdf)

This report discusses the merits and drawbacks of extending the duty to provide for reasonable accommodation beyond disability, with a focus on the discrimination grounds covered by the European network of legal experts in the non-discrimination field (race and ethnic origin, religion and belief, age and sexual orientation). It chiefly focuses on the question of whether the concept of reasonable accommodation is superfluous beyond disability because other tools are in place (e.g. good practices, dynamic interpretation of indirect discrimination, etc.).

The report is useful to understand the basic legal frameworks of reasonable accommodation in the US, Canada, Council of Europe, European Union and individual EU Member States. It also analyzes the reasons why disability might be the only ground giving rise to the duty of reasonable accommodation in certain jurisdictions but not others.

  • International Telecommunications Union, G3ict, and the Centre for Internet and Society, e-Accessibility Policy Handbook for Persons with Disabilities, 2010 (pdf)

Digital Accessibility is a key mandate of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.  Whereas the Convention mandates desired outcomes, it does not prescribe specific digital accessibility solutions or references.  The Toolkit is therefore designed to support States parties to the Convention in identifying the requirements of Article 9 of the Convention and analyzing local gaps in digital accessibility programs and policies, provide a framework for the development of policies and strategies for mainstreaming digital accessibility at national, regional and international levels, serve as a global electronic repository of policies, international standards, good practices and technical references on digital accessibility, facilitate the design of effective policy frameworks responding to the needs of e-inclusiveness principles covering Communication, Information & Services, promote accessible and assistive ICT applications by fostering public-private cooperation in order to expand ICT usage by persons with disabilities and provide specific guidance to adequately address key issues of particular relevance to developing country environments.

  • United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Malaysia, A Review of the International Best Practice in Accessible Public Transportation for Persons with Disabilities, 2010 (pdf)

This  report  provides  an  international  overview  of  the  key  technical  issues  on  accessible  public transportation for persons with disabilities. It begins with a brief description of the prevalence of  disability  and  factors  that  influence  accessibility.  It  also  explains  why  safe  and  convenient pedestrian  infrastructure  is  particularly  essential  for  persons  with  disabilities  if  they  wish  to satisfactorily access public transport. It then provides a discussion on design requirements and best practices for vehicles, bus stops and bus and train stations as well as important arguments on  the  importance  of  signage  and  information.  The  report  also  illustrates  best  practices  for training  courses  for  transport  providers  and  transport  users  as  these  have  been  among  the central elements for making public transport services more accessible. The report also explains how some of the barriers faced by persons with disabilities are often an unintentional result of particular policies of government and transport operators.

  • Republic of South Africa Department of Public Service and Administration, Handbook on Reasonable Accommodation for People with Disabilities in the Public Service, 2007 (pdf)

This  Handbook  on  Reasonable  Accommodation  for  People  with Disabilities is a Public Service innovative, creative and visionary tool to fast track the efforts of ensuring an all inclusive Public Service towards restoring  human  dignity,  the  inherent  right  to  work  and economic independence, and to social justice. It serves as a tool to capacitate  and  empower  people  with  disabilities  towards  being independent and self reliant in the workplace, with minimal assistance or reliance on collegial support.

  • European Center for Excellence in Personal Assistance, Model National Personal Assistance Policy, 2004 (pdf)

This Policy, compiled by persons with disabilities themselves, is created with the aim to promote self-determination and full citizenship for persons with extensive disabilities. It is designed to enable as many assistance users as possible to exercise the degree of control over their services which they prefer at any given situation in their lives by  - providing assistance users with purchasing power which, in turn, creates a market for assistance services with a multitude of service providers with different service delivery solutions, – eliminating monopolies, public or private, in the provision of assistance services.  As a policy document, the text is primarily addressed to lawmakers and those working for changes in personal assistance legislation. Its focus is not on prescribing service delivery solutions but on creating the legal and financial framework that promotes diversity and quality in service provision. As a model policy it may, at best, describe the ideal legislation, not the strategy in getting there. It shows the destination, but not the road map.

  • New Zealand Human Rights Commission, Reasonable accommodation of persons with disabilities in New Zealand (pdf)

This guide provides a useful summary of what reasonable accommodation means, the types of barriers that make it difficult or impossible for persons with disabilities to be accommodated and examples of what is considered reasonable. It also provides guidance for organizations, including explaining the benefits associated with providing reasonable accommodation, how to devise policies, procedures and services with reasonable accommodation in mind, including the use of Universal Design. It concludes with guidance to persons with disabilities on what their rights to reasonable accommodation are, how to effectively communicate requests for reasonable accommodation and how to make a complaint.